Select the appropriate attack from each drop down list to label the corresponding illustrated attack.
Instructions: Attacks may only be used once, and will disappear from drop down list if selected. When you
have completed the simulation, please select the Done button to submit.
1: Spear phishing is an e-mail spoofing fraud attempt that targets a specific organization, seeking unauthorized
access to confidential data. As with the e-mail messages used in regular phishing expeditions, spear phishing
messages appear to come from a trusted source. Phishing messages usually appear to come from a large and
well-known company or Web site with a broad membership base, such as eBay or PayPal. In the case of spear
phishing, however, the apparent source of the e-mail is likely to be an individual within the recipient’s own
company and generally someone in a position of authority.
2: The Hoax in this question is designed to make people believe that the fake AV (anti- virus) software is
3: Vishing is the act of using the telephone in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information
that will be used for identity theft. The scammer usually pretends to be a legitimate business, and fools the
victim into thinking he or she will profit.
4: Phishing is the act of sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in
an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.
Phishing email will direct the user to visit a website where they are asked to update personal information, such
as a password, credit card, social security, or bank account numbers, that the legitimate organization already
has. The website, however, is bogus and set up only to steal the information the user enters on the page.
5: Similar in nature to e-mail phishing, pharming seeks to obtain personal or private (usually financial related)
information through domain spoofing. Rather than being spammed with malicious and mischievous e-mail
requests for you to visit spoof Web sites which appear legitimate, pharming ‘poisons’ a DNS server by infusing
false information into the DNS server, resulting in a user’s request being redirected elsewhere. Your browser,
however will show you are at the correct Web site, which makes pharming a bit more serious and more
difficult to detect. Phishing attempts to scam people one at a time with an e-mail while pharming allows the
scammers to target large groups of people at one time through domain spoofing.